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Home > Russian Arms > Sabres: Life Guard's Cossack regiment officers' 'clytch' (shamshir or mameluke)
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Russian Arms

Sabres: Life Guard's Cossack regiment officers' 'clytch' (shamshir or mameluke) (Fig. 54, 55)


The blade is steel, curved, single-edged. In their curvature, fuller character and ornaments the blades were arbitrary.

The hilt comprises a grip with a pommel and a cross-guard with a cross-bar construction.

The grip's back is surmounted by a metal back-piece, embossed with a floral pattern. The grip's pommel is metal, rounded, decorated with a floral pattern, curved towards the blade's edge. The cross-bar (cartouche) is also patterned with an ornament. The cross-bar (quillon) tips are figured. The grip's pommel is embossed with a chased cypher of the emperor, whose reign made the weapon-owner's first commissioned rank possible. Certain particular sabres bore this kind of a cypher upon the cartouche anchor.

The scabbard is wood, covered in burgundy (coloured) leather or velvet. The metal slit mount could come in three variations: a) featuring a mouth-piece and a chape with a shoe. The locket was pierced out with one long slit and three round holes, the chape featuring one long slit and four round holes pierced out; b) solid (one-piece) with two long slits and seven round holes pierced out, fitted with two loose-rings to take the belt suspensions straps and a shoe; c) solid (one-piece), pierced out with two long slits, the suspension fitment featured two bands: the locket fitted with an inside rectangular bracket and the lower one bearing a loose ring to take the belt suspension's straps. Overall length is about 960 mm, the blade's length - about 82 0 mm, the blade's width and curvature were arbitrary, the mass - downwards of 2,000 gr.

The "clytch" (shamshir) was carried outside formation only by the Life Guard's Cossack regiment officers, probably, since 1909 till the end of the period considered.


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